Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, otherwise known as CBT, is an active, directed, evidence-based, and often time limited treatment approach. The primary aim of this collaborative approach is to explore patterns of behavior, thoughts, or challenges in coping with internal experiences (uncomfortable thoughts, physiological experiences, or feelings) that can be changed to help a person feel better and improve overall functioning. CBT has a broad range of applications, which includes and is not limited to:
- treatment of anxiety, depressive, and other mood disorders;
- coping issues including environmentally based life challenges or changes or with one’s health; and
- with patterns of behavior that people feel stuck in such as with eating disorders, addictions, trauma responses, avoidance and procrastination, interpersonal challenges, and intimacy.
Treatment often involves steps such as education on these patterns and how they can be changed, data gathering in terms of when symptoms occur, readings and other information sources, and most importantly practice on the recommended skill set both in and between sessions. Based upon a person’s experiences in these exercises, as well as the response to them, treatment is further guided and tailored to the person’s treatment goals. CBT approaches can be used with children, adolescents, and adults and tailored in a developmentally, culturally, and environmentally sensitive fashion. This approach is often perceived as a better fit for those that are curious, but also feel stuck and frustrated, and are open to experimenting and observing results both in and between sessions. It is also designed to help the client then become his or her own therapist once treatment concludes.